Monday, December 8, 2008

Geetham

Geetham
Many rasikas often confuse Geetham to Keerthana. Though generally Geetham means ‘Song’, it denotes in music parlance a type of Musical composition with its specific characteristics . Geetham is a Musical piece taught to the students after completing the chapters on Swaravali and its related exercises including Alankaram. Therefore Geetham is an Abyasa Gana variety and not a concert piece. Hence, Geetham are not performed in Katcheries. Whereas , Keerthanas are an advance musical items and a concert piece as well.
On examining a Geetham, we can find that they contain Swara portion and Sahithya portion. By practicing Swara portion one can become familiar with melody and its pattern, of the Ragam which after practicing well, to be replaced with corresponding Sahithya part.

Swara part is called Datthu and Sahithya part is called Mathu. Sahithya portion contain vowel extension of Sahithyas too, enabling the learner to acquire good voice.

Geethams are small Musical pieces contains no subdivisions like Pallavi, Anupallavi etc. It is rendered in one go as Sahithyam without repeating any line. Normally, they are composed in medium tempo and in variety of Thalams.

Famous Geetham are ‘ Sri Gananatha Sindoora Varna…., Kereya Neeranu…. Padumanabha….., Kundha Gowra….. all in Malahari Ragam, composed by Sri Purandara Dasa. Apart from these there are other Geetham like Varaveena in Mohana Ragam, Aana Lekara in Sudda Saveri Ragam, Mandara Darare in Kamboji Ragam, Kamala Sulochana in Ananda Bhairavi Ragam, Kamalajaadala in Kalyani Ragam and many more.

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